Bolivia Facts

Population

Population: 10,027,254 (2012)

Indigenous population: 40.5%

Urban population: 67.7% (2013)

Population living below $1.25 a day = 15.6%

Literacy rate: 94.9% (2012)

Prison population rate: 140 per 100,000

Life expectancy: 67.3 years (2013)

Main countries of emigration: Argentina, Spain, Brazil, Chile, United States

 

Geography

Area: 424, 164 Sq. Mi. (size of Texas and California together, Ontario, or twice the size of France)

Geography: Semitropical forest (70%), Andean highlands plateau (10%), mountains (15%), fertile valleys (5%)

Major cities: La Paz, El Alto, Santa Cruz, Cochabamba, Sucre

 

Economy

Agricultural products: quinoa, soybeans, coffee, coca, cotton, corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes

Natural resources: tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower

Industries: mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverage, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing, jewelry

Exports: natural gas, soybeans and soy products, crude petroleum, zinc ore, tin

Primary Energy Sources: 72.7% fossil fuels, 27.3% renewable resources

 

Economic indicators

Nominal GDP: 27 billion USD (2012)

Nominal GDP per capita: 2,575 USD (2012)

GDP: 59 billion (2011 PPP)

GDP per capita: 5,650 (2011 PPP)

GDP annual growth: 6.8% (2013)

International trade: 85.1% of GDP

Foreign Debt: $5.6 billion (2014)

 

Government

Political system: Democratic Republic; elections held since 1982

President: Evo Morales Ayma

Vice President: Alvaro Garcia Linera

Capital city: Sucre is the legal capital of the country, and hosts the judiciary branch.  La Paz is the administrative capital and seat of the government.

Seats held by women in national parliament: 50.09% (2015)

 

 

Sources:

Bolivian Census (2012): http://www.ine.gob.bo:8081/censo2012/PDF/resultadosCPV2012.pdf

UN Data for Bolivia: https://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Bolivia%20(Plurinational%20State%20of)

UNDP Human Development Report: http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/BOL

CIA World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bl.html

(used for Economy section)

World Bank Data: http://search.worldbank.org/all?qterm=Bolivia&language=EN&op=

(used fo annual growth %)

Central Bank of Bolivia: http://deudaexternapublica.bcb.gob.bo/uploads/Estado%20Mensual%20Noviembre%202014.pdf